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    In a live starfish oocyte preparing to undergo the first meiotic division, chromosomes (cyan) are aligned on the spindle (green), which is anchored to the cell cortex (magenta). Borrego-Pinto et al. show that specific positioning of the meiotic spindle ensures that replicative mother centrioles are extruded into polar bodies, leaving a single non-replicative daughter centriole to prepare the egg for fertilization.
    Image © 2016 Borrego-Pinto et al.
    See page 815.

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ISSN 0021-9525
EISSN 1540-8140

Article

Stress granule condensation (SGC) of translationally arrested mRNAs requires G3BP, and G3BP-mediated SGC is inhibited by serine 149 phosphorylation, regulated by mutually exclusive binding of Caprin1 and USP10, and requires its RGG region for SGC and for interactions with 40S ribosomal subunits.

Review

Article

Centriole elimination is essential for sexual reproduction. Borrego-Pinto et al. show that in starfish oocytes elimination proceeds by extrusion of mother centrioles to polar bodies, whereas the single remaining daughter centriole is eliminated in the cytoplasm, preparing the egg for fertilization.

Report

This study establishes merotelic kinetochores as a new experimental model for studying the mechanical response of the kinetochore. Laser microsurgery and live-cell imaging in yeast and mammalian cells show a conserved viscoelastic response of the kinetochore.

Article

Zhao et al. show that MLL5 and PLK interact in the cytosol and propose a model wherein MLL5 maintains spindle bipolarity by preventing cytosolic PLK1 aggregation during mitosis.

Pal et al. describe a two-step process determining removal of the cilia-localized GPCR, Gpr161, upon sonic hedgehog signaling. First, β-arrestins are recruited by the signaling-competent receptor in a smoothened-dependent manner. Second, clathrin-mediated endocytosis outside of the ciliary compartment coordinates removal.

Correction

Report

To faithfully target the center of large eggs, microtubule asters translate their shape into directed motion through length-dependent microtubule forces mediated by dynein in the cytoplasm. Their speed is independent of aster shape but determined by their growth rate.

A vertebrate Ca2+/H+ exchanger (CAX), which is part of a widespread conserved family in animals, localizes to acidic organelles, tempers evoked Ca2+ signals, and regulates cell-matrix adhesion during neural crest cell migration.

In Focus

Researchers describe how microtubule asters move to the center of eggs after fertilization.

In This Issue

Report

The intra-axonal events governing formation of presynaptic terminals are still poorly understood. Pinto et al. reveal a mechanism by which a localized decrease in proteasome degradation and resultant accumulation of polyubiquitinated proteins at nascent sites signal assembly of presynaptic terminals.

People & Ideas

Dumont brings biophysics to decode spindle architecture and dynamic function.

Review

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