Studies conducted on the ultrastructure of Cyanophora paradoxa Korschikoff (a cryptomonad) have shown that its intracellular symbiont is closely related to unicellular blue-green algae. Due to its peculiar habitat, the intracellular symbiont lacks the characteristic cyanophycean double-layered cell wall, but is surrounded by a thin protoplasmic membrane. The protoplasm itself is differentiated into a lamellated chromatoplasm containing photosynthetic pigments, polyphosphate granules, and possible oil droplets, and a non-lamellar centroplasm with a large centrally located electron-opaque body surrounded by a fibril-containing halo. This halo-central body complex may be nuclear in nature. Binary fission of the organism is described. Since this cyanelle has not yet been classified, we name it Cyanocyta korschikoffiana nov. gen. nov. sp.; and because of its structural peculiarities, we find it necessary to create a new family for it, Cyanocytaceae, in the order Chroococcales.

This content is only available as a PDF.