The chromatinic material of the blue-green alga Anabaena cylindrica has complex configurations in the central regions of the cells. The distribution of the chromatin within the cells varies in different filaments, probably in response to variations in the disposition of other cellular components. In electron micrographs of thin sections of organisms fixed by the method of Kellenberger, Ryter, and Séchaud (1958) the centroplasm contains fibrillar and possibly granular components which can be identified as the nuclear material by comparison with stained preparations viewed in the light microscope. The fibrils in the nuclear regions have diameters in the range of 5 to 7 mµ and are embedded in a matrix of lower density. The nuclear regions are not greatly different from the cytoplasm in their electron density. Reducing the calcium content of the fixative results in coagulation of the fibrils to form coarser structures. The significance of the observations is discussed in relation to observations on the fine structure of other classes of algae and of bacteria.

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