The eyes of three eye mutants of Drosophila melanogaster were fixed and thin sections studied for its structural detail in the electron microscope. Each ommatidium was found to have seven retinula cells with an equal number of rhabdomeres (visual units). The rhabdomeres average 1.2 µ in diameter and 60 µ in length. Each rhabdomere consists of osmium-fixed dense bands averaging 120 A in thickness, and with less dense interspaces 200 to 400 A. There is an average of 23 dense bands or 46 interfaces per micron within the rhabdomere. The rhabdomere as we have presented it is a single structure of packed rods or tubes. The "fine structure" within the rhabdomere is similar to that observed by electron microscopy for the retinula of the house fly, and to the retinal rods of the vertebrate eye, and to the chloroplasts of plant cells in a variety of animal and plant photoreceptor structures. In addition, the radial arrangements within the ommatidium of radially unsymmetrical units, the rhabdomeres, is probably related to the analysis of polarized light in the insect eye.