The localization of labeled amine in the heart of the bat after administration of tritiated norepinephrine (NE) was studied by means of electron microscope autoradiography. Monoamine oxidase was inhibited so that the distribution of amine in both neuronal (Uptake1) and extraneuronal (Uptake2) sites could be analyzed. Labeling was nonrandom in both the atrial and ventricular myocardium. The highest relative specific activity was found in neural processes which showed morphological criteria of terminal adrenergic axons. Analysis of the distribution of label around the labeled axonal varicosities indicated that the radioactive amine was more concentrated peripherally than centrally in these structures. Label was also found over cardiocytes in both atrium and ventricle. The pattern of this labeling indicated that the radioactive amine was associated with myofilaments. In the ventricle, I bands were most heavily labeled, indicating a probable association of radioactive amine with thin filaments. Labeling was prevented by administration of phenoxybenzamine and decreased only in cardiocytes by normetanephrine. The nonrandom distribution of labeled amine within cardiocytes supports the view that Uptake2 represents not only a second mechanism of inactivation of the sympathetic neurotransmitter, but may also be involved in the mediation of some of the action of NE on cardiac muscle.

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