A comparative study was made of the isolation of the cortex in the eggs of several sea urchin species. Since the isolation method developed by Sakai depends on the presence of magnesium in the medium, the protein composition of the cortex was investigated to determine whether the protein component of the egg described by Kane and Hersh which is gelled by divalent ions, is present in these cortices. Isolation of the cortex was found to require the same divalent ions at the same concentrations as protein gelation, and in the eggs of some species much of the gel protein of the cell was found in the isolated cortical material. In the eggs of other species a smaller fraction of this protein was found in the isolated cortex, although it was more concentrated there than in the endoplasm, and in one species this protein appeared to be uniformly distributed throughout the cell. These results indicate that this protein is localized in the cortical region of the eggs of some species of sea urchin, possibly in the cortical granules, but also point up the fact that results from one species cannot be uncritically extrapolated to others.

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