The characteristics of the reconstitution of a crystalline component of the sea urchin fertilization membrane are presented. The reassembly of large aggregates of cylindrical or tubular components is effected by the addition of calcium or other divalent cations. The reassembly requires a slightly alkaline pH and is little affected by increasing ionic strength. Reassembly is strongly inhibited by treatment with reducing agents such as dithiothreitol. The role of this protein in the formation of the fertilization membrane and its possible relation to the calcium-insoluble proteins of the mitotic apparatus are discussed.

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