Drosophila paulistorum is a complex of five incipient species which when crossed produce sterile hybrid males and fertile females. Sterility of the male progeny can sometimes be induced by injecting females of one strain (Mesitas) with a homogenate of males of another strain (Santa Marta) or of hybrids between these strains, and then crossing the recipient females to Mesitas males. Filamentous structures have been found in cytoplasmic vacuoles in paragonial cells in males of these and other similar strains and their hybrids. These structures, which contain RNA, possess a helical substructure and resemble certain viruses. Large filamentous structures found in the lumen of the paragonia are also described.

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