The membrane-anchored heparin-binding EGF-like growth factor precursor (proHB-EGF)/diphtheria toxin receptor (DTR) belongs to a class of transmembrane growth factors and physically associates with CD9/DRAP27 which is also a transmembrane protein. To evaluate the biological activities of proHB-EGF/DTR as a juxtacrine growth factor and the biological significance of its association with CD9/DRAP27, the mitogenic activity of proHB-EGF/DTR was analyzed using stable transfectants of mouse L cells expressing both human proHB-EGF/DTR and monkey CD9/DRAP27, or either one alone. Juxtacrine activity was assayed by measuring the ability of cells in co-culture to stimulate DNA synthesis in an EGF receptor ligand dependent cell line, EP170.7. LH-2 cells expressing human proHB-EGF/DTR stimulated EP170.7 cell growth moderately. However, LCH-1 cells, a stable co-transfectant expressing both human proHB-EGF/DTR and monkey CD9/DRAP27 cDNAs, dramatically unregulated the juxtacrine growth factor activity of proHB-EGF/DTR approximately 25 times over that of LH-2 cells even though both cell types expressed similar levels of proHB-EGF/DTR on the cell surface. Anti-CD9/DRAP27 antibodies which were not able to neutralize the mitogenic activity of soluble HB-EGF suppressed LCH-1 cell juxtacrine growth activity to the same extent as did anti-HB-EGF neutralizing antibodies and CRM 197, specific inhibitors of human HG-EGF. These findings suggest that optimal expression of the juxtacrine growth activity of proHB-EGF/DTR requires co-expression of CD9/DRAP27. These studies also indicate that growth factor potentiation effects which have been observed previously for soluble growth factors also occurs at the level of cell surface associated growth factors.
The membrane protein CD9/DRAP 27 potentiates the juxtacrine growth factor activity of the membrane-anchored heparin-binding EGF-like growth factor.
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S Higashiyama, R Iwamoto, K Goishi, G Raab, N Taniguchi, M Klagsbrun, E Mekada; The membrane protein CD9/DRAP 27 potentiates the juxtacrine growth factor activity of the membrane-anchored heparin-binding EGF-like growth factor.. J Cell Biol 1 March 1995; 128 (5): 929–938. doi: https://doi.org/10.1083/jcb.128.5.929
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