The fate of hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPCs) is regulated by their interaction with stromal cells in the bone marrow. However, the cellular mechanisms regulating HSPC interaction with these cells and their potential impact on HSPC polarity are still poorly understood. Here we evaluated the impact of cell–cell contacts with osteoblasts or endothelial cells on the polarity of HSPC. We found that an HSPC can form a discrete contact site that leads to the extensive polarization of its cytoskeleton architecture. Notably, the centrosome was located in proximity to the contact site. The capacity of HSPCs to polarize in contact with stromal cells of the bone marrow appeared to be specific, as it was not observed in primary lymphoid or myeloid cells or in HSPCs in contact with skin fibroblasts. The receptors ICAM, VCAM, and SDF1 were identified in the polarizing contact. Only SDF1 was independently capable of inducing the polarization of the centrosome–microtubule network.

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