The mechanisms that regulate developmental control of the expression of MHC class I genes during generation of extra-embryonic tissues are largely unknown. In the present study, we studied the levels of transcripts of the human HLA-B27 gene in extra-embryonic tissues of transgenic mice containing the HLA-B27 (heavy chain) gene by in situ hybridization with biotinylated single-stranded RNA probes. In contrast to extra-embryonic stromal cells and embryonic tissues which contain (varying levels of) messenger RNA coding for HLA-B27, specific transcripts were not detected in labyrintho-, or spongiotrophoblast, nor in trophoblastic giant cells. These cells are devoid of HLA A and B locus class I transcripts in man. Regulation of expression of human MHC class I genes in extra-embryonic trophoblast in transgenic animals is thus under conserved selective pressure that is retained across a species barrier. Thus, in extra-embryonic tissues, regulation of expression of MHC class I genes is distinct from the mechanisms operating in developing embryonic cells.
Lack of expression of HLA-B27 gene in transgenic mouse trophoblast. Conserved genetic pressures underlying extra-embryonic development.
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C B Oudejans, P Krimpenfort, H L Ploegh, C J Meijer; Lack of expression of HLA-B27 gene in transgenic mouse trophoblast. Conserved genetic pressures underlying extra-embryonic development.. J Exp Med 1 February 1989; 169 (2): 447–456. doi: https://doi.org/10.1084/jem.169.2.447
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