Lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV) and ectromelia virus-specific T-cell-mediated cytotoxicity was assayed in various strain combinations using as targets peritoneal macrophages which have been shown to express Ia antigens. Virus-specific cytotoxicity was found only in H-2K- or D-region compatible combinations. I-region compatibility was not necessary nor alone sufficient for lysis. Six different I-region specificities had no obvious effect on the capacity to generate in vivo specific cytotoxicity (expressed in vitro) associated with Dd. Low LCMV-specific cytotoxic activity generated in DBA/2 mice was caused by the non-H-2 genetic background. This trait was inversely related to the infectious virus dose and recessive. Non-H-2 genes, possibly involved in controlling initial spread and multiplication of virus, seem to be, at least in the examples tested, more important in determining virus-specific cytotoxic T-cell activity in spleens than are Ir genes coded in H-2.

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