Human plasma kallikrein has been shown to directly and selectively attract human neutrophils from a mixed leukocyte population. The capacity of plasma kallikrein to be chemotactic and to generate the nonapeptide bradykinin was maintained during progressive purification. While neither highly purified prekallikrein nor the prealbumin Hageman factor fragments were chemotactic alone, their interaction so as to convert prekallikrein to kallikrein yielded both chemotactic and kinin-generating activity. Both functions of kallikrein were inhibited by treatment with diisopropyl fluorophosphate, indicating an essential role for the active site of the enzyme in the expression of its chemotactic activity.

This content is only available as a PDF.