Localization of calsequestrin in chicken ventricular muscle cells was determined by indirect immunofluorescence and immuno-Protein A-colloidal gold labeling of cryostat and ultracryotomy sections, respectively. Calsequestrin was localized in the lumen of peripheral junctional sarcoplasmic reticulum, as well as in the lumen of membrane-bound structures present in the central region of the I-band, while being absent from the lumen of the sarcoplasmic reticulum in the A-band region of the cardiac muscle cells. Since chicken ventricular muscle cells lack transverse tubules, the presence of calsequestrin in membrane bound structures in the central region of the I-band suggests that these cells contain nonjunctional regions of sarcoplasmic reticulum that are involved in Ca2+ storage and possibly Ca2+ release. It is likely that the calsequestrin containing structures present throughout the I-band region of the muscle cells correspond to specialized regions of the free sarcoplasmic reticulum in the I-band called corbular sarcoplasmic reticulum. It will be of interest to determine whether Ca2+ storage and possibly Ca2+ release from junctional and nonjunctional regions of the sarcoplasmic reticulum in chicken ventricular muscle cells are regulated by the same or different physiological signals.
Evidence for the presence of calsequestrin in two structurally different regions of myocardial sarcoplasmic reticulum.
A O Jorgensen, K P Campbell; Evidence for the presence of calsequestrin in two structurally different regions of myocardial sarcoplasmic reticulum.. J Cell Biol 1 April 1984; 98 (4): 1597–1602. doi: https://doi.org/10.1083/jcb.98.4.1597
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