An immunoelectron microscopic study was undertaken to survey the intracellular pathway taken by the integral membrane protein (G-protein) of vesicular stomatitis virus from its site of synthesis in the rough endoplasmic reticulum to the plasma membrane of virus-infected Chinese hamster ovary cells. Intracellular transport of the G-protein was synchronized by using a temperature-sensitive mutant of the virus (0-45). At the nonpermissive temperature (39.8 degrees C), the G-protein is synthesized in the cell infected with 0-45, but does not leave the rough endoplasmic reticulum. Upon shifting the temperature to 32 degrees C, the G-protein moves by stages to the plasma membrane. Ultrathin frozen sections of 0-45-infected cells were prepared and indirectly immunolabeled for the G-protein at different times after the temperature shift. By 3 min, the G-protein was seen at high density in saccules at one face of the Golgi apparatus. No large accumulation of G-protein-containing vesicles were observed near this entry face, but a few 50-70-mm electron-dense vesicular structures labeled for G-protein were observed that might be transfer vesicles between the rough endoplasmic reticulum and the Golgi complex. At blebbed sites on the nuclear envelope at these early times there was a suggestion that the G-protein was concentrated, these sites perhaps serving as some of the transitional elements for subsequent transfer of the G-protein from the rough endoplasmic reticulum to the Golgi complex. By 3 min after its initial asymmetric entry into the Golgi complex, the G-protein was uniformly distributed throughout all the saccules of the complex. At later times, after the G-protein left the Golgi complex and was on its way to the plasma membrane, a new class of G-protein-containing vesicles of approximately 200-nm diameter was observed that are probably involved in this stage of the transport process. These data are discussed, and the further prospects of this experimental approach are assessed.
Immunoelectron microscopic studies of the intracellular transport of the membrane glycoprotein (G) of vesicular stomatitis virus in infected Chinese hamster ovary cells.
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J E Bergmann, S J Singer; Immunoelectron microscopic studies of the intracellular transport of the membrane glycoprotein (G) of vesicular stomatitis virus in infected Chinese hamster ovary cells.. J Cell Biol 1 December 1983; 97 (6): 1777–1787. doi: https://doi.org/10.1083/jcb.97.6.1777
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