We have previously shown that microtubule-organizing centers (MTOC's) become preferentially oriented towards the leading edge of migrating endothelial cells (EC's) at the margin of an experimentally induced wound made in a confluent EC monolayer. To learn more about the mechanism responsible for the reorientation of MTOC's and to determine whether a similar reorientation takes place when cell migration is inhibited, we incubated the wounded cultures with colcemid (C) and cytochalasin B (CB), which disrupt microtubules (MT's) and microfilaments (MF's), respectively. The results obtained showed that the MTOC reorientation can occur independent of cell migration since MTOC's reoriented preferentially toward the wound edge in the CB-treated cultures, even though forward migration of the EC was inhibited. In addition, the MTOC reorientation is inhibited by C, indicating that it requires an intact system of MT's and/or other intracellular structures whose distribution is dependent on that of MT's.
Microtubule-organizing centers and cell migration: effect of inhibition of migration and microtubule disruption in endothelial cells.
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A I Gotlieb, L Subrahmanyan, V I Kalnins; Microtubule-organizing centers and cell migration: effect of inhibition of migration and microtubule disruption in endothelial cells.. J Cell Biol 1 May 1983; 96 (5): 1266–1272. doi: https://doi.org/10.1083/jcb.96.5.1266
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