Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells resistant to the antibiotic tunicamycin (TM) have been isolated by a stepwise selection procedure with progressive increments of TM added to the medium. TM inhibits asparagine-linked glycoprotein biosynthesis by blocking the transfer of N-acetylglucosamine-1-phosphate from UDP-N-acetylglucosamine to the lipid carrier. The TM-resistant cells exhibited a 200-fold increase in their LD50 for TM and were morphologically distinct from the parental cells. The rate of asparagine-linked glycoprotein biosynthesis was the same for wild-type and TM-resistant cells. Membrane preparations from TM-resistant cells cultured for 16 d in the absence of TM had a 15-fold increase in the specific activity of the UDP-N-acetylglucosamine:dolichol phosphate N-acetylglucosamine-1-phosphate transferase as compared to membranes of wild-type cells. The products of the in vitro assay were N-acetylglucosaminylpyrophosphoryl-lipid and N,N'-diacetylchitobiosylpyrophosphoryl-lipid for membranes from both TM-resistant and wild-type cells. The transferase activity present in membrane preparations from wild-type of TM-resistant cells was inhibited by comparable levels of TM. The data presented are consistent with overproduction of enzyme as the mechanism of resistance in these variant CHO cells.
Selection of tunicamycin-resistant Chinese hamster ovary cells with increased N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase activity.
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B A Criscuolo, S S Krag; Selection of tunicamycin-resistant Chinese hamster ovary cells with increased N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase activity.. J Cell Biol 1 September 1982; 94 (3): 586–591. doi: https://doi.org/10.1083/jcb.94.3.586
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