Tyrosyltubulin ligase (TTL) was found to be present in CHO and V79 Chinese hamster cells grown in tissue culture. The enzyme is soluble and requires potassium, magnesium, and ATP for maximum activity and requires tubulin as a substrate. TTL was analyzed through the cell cycle of V79 and CHO Chinese hamster cells. The enzyme showed two peaks of activity in V79 cells at 4 h and 7 h after mitotic selection, corresponding to the early S and mid to late S phases of the cell cycle. In CHO cells the enzyme displayed a major peak of activity at mid S and a minor peak or plateau during early S. Tubulin, as measured by (3H)colchicine binding, was shown to increase through S phase and reach a maximum late in the cycle during G2 approx. 3 h after maximum TTL activity.

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