Rat serum very low density lipoprotein (VLDL) inhibits initiation of DNA synthesis in fetal rat hepatocyte cultures; cells engaged in synthesizing DNA resist inhibition. VLDL action is specific and apparently blocks prereplicative protein synthesis. These and other results, from studies of altered blood VLDL levels and [3H] thymidine incorporation into isolated liver nuclei in 70% hepatectomized normal and mutant hyperlipoproteinemic rats, as well as from infusion studies with a "mitogenic" hormone solution, suggest that hepatic VLDL metabolism is linked to the suppression of hepatocyte proliferation.

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