To determine the localization of several enzymes in Tritrichomonas foetus, the axenic KV-1 strain was grown in Diamond's medium with bovine serum, homogenized in 0.25 M sucrose, and subjected to analytical differential and isopycnic centrifugation. The fractions were assayed for their enzymatic composition and examined electron microscopically. NADH and NADPH dehydrogenases, about 90% of the catalase, and two hydrolases, α-galactosidase and manganese-activated ß-galactosidase I are in the nonsedimentable part of the cytoplasm. α-Glycerophosphate and malate dehydrogenases are associated with a large particle, whose equilibrium density in sucrose gradients is 1.24. This particle corresponds to that population of the paracostal and paraxostylar granules which, having a uniform granular matrix surrounded by a single membrane, resemble microbodies from other organisms. The small sedimentable portion of catalase (about 10% of the total activity) is not associated with these granules and equilibrates at density 1.22. The nature of the subcellular entity carrying catalase could not be ascertained. Hydrolases with a pH optimum around 6–6.5 (protease, ß-N-acetylglucosaminidase, ß-N-acetylgalactosaminidase, and cation-independent ß-galactosidase II), as well as a large part of acid phosphatase, are associated with a population of large particles which equilibrate at densities from 1.15 to 1.20. The hydrolases in these granules lose their structure-bound latency easily after freezing and thawing. These particles correspond to another population of the paracostal and paraxostylar granules which have varied shape and inhomogeneous content with frequent myelin figures, indicating a digestive function. The rest of the phosphatase and most of the acid ß-glucuronidase activity are in a smaller granule fraction with an equilibrium density around 1.18. The latency of these enzymes is quite resistant to freezing and thawing. This particle population consists of smaller, very often flattened vesicles and granules, many of which are clearly fragments of the prominent Golgi apparatus of the cell.
BIOCHEMICAL CYTOLOGY OF TRICHOMONAD FLAGELLATES : I. Subcellular Localization of Hydrolases, Dehydrogenases, and Catalase in Tritrichomonas foetus
Miklós Müller; BIOCHEMICAL CYTOLOGY OF TRICHOMONAD FLAGELLATES : I. Subcellular Localization of Hydrolases, Dehydrogenases, and Catalase in Tritrichomonas foetus . J Cell Biol 1 May 1973; 57 (2): 453–474. doi: https://doi.org/10.1083/jcb.57.2.453
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