Cesium chloride centrifugation of each of the DNAs extracted from eight strains of Crithidia revealed a main band at ρ = 1.717 g/cm3 and a satellite band varying from ρ = 1.701 to 1.705 g/cm3 for the different strains By electron microscopy each DNA was shown to include circular molecules, 0.69–0.80 µ in mean contour length, and large, topologically two-dimensional masses of DNA in which the molecules appeared in the form of rosettes. DNA isolated from kinetoplast fractions of Crithidia acanthocephali was shown to consist of light satellite DNA and to be mainly in the form of large masses, 0.8 µ (mol wt = 1.54 x 106 daltons) circular molecules, and a few long, linear molecules. The results of experiments involving ultracentrifugation, heating, and quenching, sonication, and endodeoxyribonuclease digestion, combined with electron microscopy, are consistent with the following hypothesis. The large DNA masses are associations of 0.8 µ circles which are mainly covalently closed. The circles are held together in groups (the rosettes) of up to 46 by the topological interlocking of each circle with many other circles in the group. A group of circles is attached to an adjacent group by one or more circles, each interlocking with many circles of both groups. Each of the associations comprises, on the average, about 27,000 circles (total mol wt ≃ 41 x 109 daltons). A model is proposed for the in situ arrangement of the associations which takes into consideration their form and structure, and appearance in thin sections

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