Axenic trophozoites of Entamoeba histolytica showed increased logarithmic growth but absence of "chromatoid" material (stacked helical arrays of ribonucleoprotein [RNP]) when grown in an all-liquid monophasic culture. Organisms grown in a liquid overlay on a semisolid slant (biphasic medium) showed slow logarithmic growth and the presence of chromatoid material. Chromatoid material accumulated in the rapidly growing trophozoites from monophasic culture during treatment with the Vinca alkaloid, vinblastine. Many of the glycogen-free regions of vinblastine-treated trophozoites as well as, to a lesser degree, of normal cells grown in monophasic and biphasic cultures, contained free ribosomes and randomly oriented 60 A filaments. As ribonucleoprotein assumed the packed helical configuration, areas consisting of parallel, packed filaments could be detected adjacent to and continuous with the ordered RNP arrays. This arrangement could be visualized most frequently in vinblastine-treated trophozoites grown in monophasic cultures. Depending on the tilt of the section with respect to the longitudinal axis of individual helices, 60 A filamentous material could be demonstrated associated with the RNP helices. Localization of ribonucleoprotein precursors was followed by means of high resolution radioautography with uridine-3H and cytidine-3H. With a short (30-min) pulse, label could be visualized only over the glycogen-free areas containing free ribosomes and filaments. With 60-min pulses, label could also be seen over the packed helical arrays. With 30-min pulses followed by a 60-min cold chase, label was seen chiefly over RNP helices. It is postulated that the areas containing ribosomes and filaments represent sites of assembly of the RNP helices possibly on a filament protein column. The possibility that the final helical configuration may be due to a property of this protein is suggested.

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