Postnuclear supernates from homogenates of essentially pure rabbit heterophil leukocytes were fractionated by means of zonal differential centrifugation through a discontinuous sucrose gradient at various speeds. Three distinct groups of granules were characterized biochemically and morphologically. They were, in order of decreasing sedimentation coefficient: (a) Large, relatively dense granules, identified morphologically as the azurophil or primary granules, and containing essentially all of the myeloperoxidase activity of the preparations, about one-third of their lysozyme activity, and between 50 and 80% of their content in five acid hydrolases typically associated with lysosomes in other cells; (b) smaller, less dense granules, with the morphological appearance of the specific or secondary granules, and carrying most of the alkaline phosphatase and the remainder of the lysozyme activity of the preparations; (c) a second group of lysosome-like particles, associated with a morphologically heterogeneous fraction, and containing the remainder of the acid hydrolases, but little or no myeloperoxidase. When p-nitrophenyl phosphate was used instead of ß-glycerophosphate for the assay of acid phosphatase, only small proportions of the total activity accompanied the two main lysosomal bands, and considerable activity was found in a zone slightly retarded with respect to the slowly moving band of acid hydrolases.

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