The differentiated effects of phenobarbital treatment on liver microsomal enzymes have been further studied. The relationship between the resulting decrease in the specific glucose-6-phosphatase activity and the enhancement of formation of endoplasmic reticulum membranes with high drug-hydroxylating activity has been investigated with biochemical and histochemical methods. Biochemically and histochemically demonstrable glucose-6-phosphatase activity was found to be present in all endoplasmic reticulum membranes, including the phenobarbital-induced smooth-surfaced proliferates, even though there was an over-all decrease in activity. Actinomycin D did not inhibit the decrease in glucose-6-phosphatase activity. The findings are discussed with reference to the enzyme-membrane relationship in phenobarbital induction.

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