This paper describes the subfractionation of nuclei isolated from guinea pig liver by the procedure presented in the first article of the series (8). Centrifugation in a density gradient system of nuclear fractions disrupted by sonication permits the isolation of the following subfractions: (a) a nucleolar subfraction which consists mainly of nucleoli surrounded by a variable amount of nucleolus-associated chromatin and contaminated by chromatin blocks derived primarily from von Kupffer cell nuclei; (b) and (c), two nucleoplasmic subfractions (I and II) which consist mainly of chromatin threads in a coarser (I) or finer (II) degree of fragmentation. The protein, RNA, and DNA content of these subfractions was determined, and their RNA's characterized in terms of NaCl-solubility, nucleotide composition, and in vivo nucleotide turnover, using inorganic 32P as a marker. The results indicate that there are at least three types of RNA in the nucleus (one in the nucleolus and two in the nucleoplasm or chromatin), which differ from one another in NaCl-solubility, nucleotide composition, turnover, and possibly sequence. Possible relations among these RNA's and those of the cytoplasm are discussed.
STUDIES ON ISOLATED NUCLEI : II. Isolation and Chemical Characterization of Nucleolar and Nucleoplasmic Subfractions
Rachele Maggio, Philip Siekevitz, George E. Palade; STUDIES ON ISOLATED NUCLEI : II. Isolation and Chemical Characterization of Nucleolar and Nucleoplasmic Subfractions . J Cell Biol 1 August 1963; 18 (2): 293–312. doi: https://doi.org/10.1083/jcb.18.2.293
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