25 that kinesin-13 is unusual in another way. The protein forms rings and spirals around microtubules. The structures might help it maintain its position as a tubule shrinks.
By shortening microtubules, kinesin-13 helps chromosomes to go their separate ways during mitosis. But how kinesin-13 performs the job is mysterious. The researchers spotted the rings and spirals when they combined microtubules with the motor domain of kinesin-13, the protein segment that latches onto the filament. Other types of kinesin did not coil up, the scientists showed. Molecular reconstructions suggest that each ring consists of several kinesin-13 molecules encircled by a strand of free tubulin, the building block of microtubules.
Why kinesin-13 gets into a twist is not certain, but Tan et al. speculate that the formation slides along the microtubule like a sleeve, keeping kinesin-13 at the end of the shortening tubule. To test that possibility, the researchers tagged kinesin-13 with green fluorescent protein. As the microtubule depolymerized, its tip glowed brighter, indicating that the rings were bunching up at the end.