Antisera raised to a detergent- and salt-resistant matrix fraction from rat liver Golgi stacks were used to screen an expression library from rat liver cDNA. A full-length clone was obtained encoding a protein of 130 kD (termed GM130), the COOH-terminal domain of which was highly homologous to a Golgi human auto-antigen, golgin-95 (Fritzler et al., 1993). Biochemical data showed that GM130 is a peripheral cytoplasmic protein that is tightly bound to Golgi membranes and part of a larger oligomeric complex. Predictions from the protein sequence suggest that GM130 is an extended rod-like protein with coiled-coil domains. Immunofluorescence microscopy showed partial overlap with medial- and trans-Golgi markers but almost complete overlap with the cis-Golgi network (CGN) marker, syntaxin5. Immunoelectron microscopy confirmed this location showing that most of the GM130 was located in the CGN and in one or two cisternae on the cis-side of the Golgi stack. GM130 was not re-distributed to the ER in the presence of brefeldin A but maintained its overlap with syntaxin5 and a partial overlap with the ER-Golgi intermediate compartment marker, p53. Together these results suggest that GM130 is part of a cis-Golgi matrix and has a role in maintaining cis-Golgi structure.
Characterization of a cis-Golgi matrix protein, GM130.
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N Nakamura, C Rabouille, R Watson, T Nilsson, N Hui, P Slusarewicz, T E Kreis, G Warren; Characterization of a cis-Golgi matrix protein, GM130.. J Cell Biol 15 December 1995; 131 (6): 1715–1726. doi: https://doi.org/10.1083/jcb.131.6.1715
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