To understand mechanisms of regulation of dynein activity along and around the axoneme we further characterized the "dynein regulatory complex" (drc). The lack of some axonemal proteins, which together are referred to as drc, causes the suppression of flagellar paralysis of radial spoke and central pair mutants. The drc is also an adapter involved in the ATP-insensitive binding of I2 and I3 inner dynein arms to doublet microtubules. Evidence supporting these conclusions was obtained through analyses of five drc mutants: pf2, pf3, suppf3, suppf4, and suppf5. Axonemes from drc mutants lack part of I2 and I3 inner dynein arms as well as subsets of seven drc components (apparent molecular weight from 29,000 to 192,000). In the absence of ATP-Mg, dynein-depleted axonemes from the same mutants bind I2 and I3 inner arms at both ATP-sensitive and -insensitive sites. At ATP-insensitive sites, they bind I2 and I3 inner arms to an extent that depends on the drc defect. This evidence suggested to us that the drc forms one binding site for the I2 and I3 inner arms on the A part of doublet microtubules.

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