We have investigated the distribution of newly synthesized lysosomal enzymes in endocytic compartments of normal rat kidney (NRK) cells. The mannose-6-phosphate (Man6-P) containing lysosomal enzymes could be iodinated in situ after internalization of lactoperoxidase (LPO) by fluid phase endocytosis and isolated on CI-MPR affinity columns. For EM studies, the ectodomain of the CI-MPR conjugated to colloidal gold was used as a probe specific for the phosphomannosyl marker of the newly synthesized hydrolases. In NRK cells, approximately 20-40% of the phosphorylated hydrolases present in the entire pathway were found in early endocytic structures proximal to the 18 degrees C temperature block including early endosomes. These structures were characterized by a low content of endogenous CI-MPR and were accessible to fluid phase markers internalized for 5-15 min at 37 degrees C. The bulk of the phosphorylated lysosomal enzymes was found in late endocytic structures distal to the 18 degrees C block, rich in endogenous CI-MPR and accessible to endocytic markers internalized for 30-60 min at 37 degrees C. The CI-MPR negative lysosomes were devoid of phosphorylated hydrolases. This distribution was unchanged in cells treated with Man6-P to block recapture of secreted lysosomal enzymes. However, lysosomal enzymes were no longer detected in the early endosomal elements of cells treated with cycloheximide. Immunoprecipitation of cathepsin D from early endosomes of pulse-labeled cells showed that this hydrolase is a transient component of this compartment. These data indicate that in NRK cells, the earliest point of convergence of the lysosomal biosynthetic and the endocytic pathways is the early endosome.
Distribution of newly synthesized lysosomal enzymes in the endocytic pathway of normal rat kidney cells.
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T Ludwig, G Griffiths, B Hoflack; Distribution of newly synthesized lysosomal enzymes in the endocytic pathway of normal rat kidney cells.. J Cell Biol 15 December 1991; 115 (6): 1561–1572. doi: https://doi.org/10.1083/jcb.115.6.1561
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