The S. cerevisiae myristoyl-CoA:protein N-myristoyltransferase gene (NMT1) is essential for vegetative growth. NMT1 was found to be allelic with a previously described, but unmapped and unidentified mutation that causes myristic acid (C14:0) auxotrophy. The mutant (nmt1-181) is temperature sensitive, but growth at the restrictive temperature (36 degrees C) is rescued with exogenous C14:0. Several analogues of myristate with single oxygen or sulfur for methylene group substitutions partially complement the phenotype, while others inhibit growth even at the permissive temperature (24 degrees C). Cerulenin, a fatty acid synthetase inhibitor, also prevents growth of the mutant at 24 degrees C. Complementation of growth at 36 degrees C by exogenous fatty acids is blocked by a mutation affecting the acyl:CoA synthetase gene. The nmt1-181 allele contains a single missense mutation of the 455 residue acyltransferase that results in a Gly451----Asp substitution. Analyses of several intragenic suppressors suggest that Gly451 is critically involved in NMT catalysis. In vitro kinetic studies with purified mutant enzyme revealed a 10-fold increase in the apparent Km for myristoyl-CoA at 36 degrees C, relative to wild-type, that contributes to an observed 200-fold reduction in catalytic efficiency. Together, the data indicate that nmt-181 represents a sensitive reporter of the myristoyl-CoA pools utilized by NMT.
Myristic acid auxotrophy caused by mutation of S. cerevisiae myristoyl-CoA:protein N-myristoyltransferase.
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R J Duronio, D A Rudnick, R L Johnson, D R Johnson, J I Gordon; Myristic acid auxotrophy caused by mutation of S. cerevisiae myristoyl-CoA:protein N-myristoyltransferase.. J Cell Biol 15 June 1991; 113 (6): 1313–1330. doi: https://doi.org/10.1083/jcb.113.6.1313
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