Fibrinogen inhibited 125I-high molecular weight kininogen (HMWK) binding and displaced bound 125I-HMWK from neutrophils. Studies were performed to determine whether fibrinogen could bind to human neutrophils and to describe the HMWK-fibrinogen interaction on cellular surfaces. At 4 degrees C, the binding of 125I-fibrinogen to neutrophils reached a plateau by 30 min and did not decrease. At 23 and 37 degrees C, the amount of 125I-fibrinogen bound peaked by 4 min and then decreased over time because of proteolysis of fibrinogen by human neutrophil elastase (HNE). Zn++ (50 microM) was required for binding of 125I-fibrinogen to neutrophils at 4 degrees C and the addition of Ca++ (2 mM) increased the binding twofold. Excess unlabeled fibrinogen or HMWK completely inhibited binding of 125I-fibrinogen. Fibronectin degradation products (FNDP) partially inhibited binding, but prekallikrein and factor XII did not. The binding of 125I-fibrinogen at 4 degrees C was reversible with a 50-fold molar excess of fibrinogen or HMWK. Binding of 125I-fibrinogen, at a concentration range of 5-200 micrograms/ml of added radioligand, was saturable with an apparent Kd of 0.17 microM and 140,000 sites/cell. The binding of 125I-fibrinogen to neutrophils was not inhibited by the peptide RGDS derived from the alpha chain of fibrinogen or by the mAb 10E5 to the platelet glycoprotein IIb/IIIa heterodimer. Fibrinogen binding was inhibited by a gamma-chain peptide CYGHHLGGAKQAGDV and by mAb OKM1 but was not inhibited by OKM10, an mAb to a different domain of the adhesion glycoprotein Mac-1 (complement receptor type 3 [CR3]). HMWK binding to neutrophils was not inhibited by OKM1. These observations were consistent with a further finding that fibrinogen is a noncompetitive inhibitor of 125I-HMWK binding to neutrophils. Fibrinogen binding to ADP-stimulated platelets was increased twofold by Zn++ (50 microM) and was inhibited by HMWK. These studies indicate that fibrinogen specifically binds to the C3R receptor on the neutrophil surface through the carboxy terminal of the gamma-chain and that HMWK interferes with the binding of fibrinogen to integrins on both neutrophils and activated platelets.
High molecular weight kininogen inhibits fibrinogen binding to cytoadhesins of neutrophils and platelets.
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E J Gustafson, H Lukasiewicz, Y T Wachtfogel, K J Norton, A H Schmaier, S Niewiarowski, R W Colman; High molecular weight kininogen inhibits fibrinogen binding to cytoadhesins of neutrophils and platelets.. J Cell Biol 1 July 1989; 109 (1): 377–387. doi: https://doi.org/10.1083/jcb.109.1.377
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