Transepithelial Na+ reabsorption across tight epithelia is regulated by aldosterone. Mineralocorticoids modulate the expression of a number of proteins. Na+,K+-ATPase has been identified as an aldosterone-induced protein (Geering, K., M. Girardet, C. Bron, J. P. Kraehenbuhl, and B. C. Rossier, 1982, J. Biol. Chem., 257:10338-10343). Using A6 cells (kidney of Xenopus laevis) grown on filters we demonstrated by Northern blot analysis that the induction of Na+,K+-ATPase was mainly mediated by a two- to fourfold accumulation of both alpha- and beta-subunit mRNAs. The specific competitor spironolactone decreased basal Na+ transport, Na+,K+-ATPase mRNA, and the relative rate of protein biosynthesis, and it blocked the response to aldosterone. Cycloheximide inhibited the aldosterone-dependent sodium transport but did not significantly affect the cytoplasmic accumulation of Na+,K+-ATPase mRNA induced by aldosterone.

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