We have characterized the polarity of the transferrin receptor in the epithelial Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cell line. The receptor is present in approximately 165,000 copies per cell, migrates as a diffuse band upon SDS gel electrophoresis with Mr 90,000, displays a dissociation constant for diferritransferrin at neutral pH of approximately 2 nM, and is active in essentially all of the cells of the population. Transferrin-mediated 55Fe uptake was used to measure the polarity of active transferrin receptors in filter-grown MDCK cells. The ratio of basolateral to apical receptors was approximately 800:1 for the high resistance strain I MDCK cells (typically greater than 2,000 ohm X cm2) and approximately 300:1 for the lower resistance strain II cells (less than 350 ohm X cm2). In combination with morphometric data this shows that a difference in resistance between these two strains is not reflected in a significant difference in cell surface polarity. We used the recycling of transferrin receptor in filter-grown MDCK cells to evaluate the accuracy of the sorting of a basolateral protein during endocytosis. Monitoring the amount of apically released 125I-labeled transferrin after application of 55Fe- and 125I-labeled transferrin to the basolateral surface provided a sensitive assay of the accuracy of sorting during recycling of the receptor from endosomes to the plasma membrane. The accuracy of transferrin receptor sorting (greater than 99.88%) during a single cycle of transit between the endosome and the plasma membrane is sufficient to maintain the high level of polarity of the cell.
Transferrin receptor polarity and recycling accuracy in "tight" and "leaky" strains of Madin-Darby canine kidney cells.
S D Fuller, K Simons; Transferrin receptor polarity and recycling accuracy in "tight" and "leaky" strains of Madin-Darby canine kidney cells.. J Cell Biol 1 November 1986; 103 (5): 1767–1779. doi: https://doi.org/10.1083/jcb.103.5.1767
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