To explore the submicroscopic structure of the human callus by the polarization optical method, serial sections were prepared in three principal planes and the sign of double refraction as well as optic axes of various regions of the sections was determined. It was concluded that in areas under the grooves keratin is oriented parallel to the surface plane of the callus and to the direction of the grooves. In component structures of ridge areas such as in sweat duct areas a circumferential, in cross-band areas a linear, and in other parts a random structure was seen. The cross-bands of ridge areas in association with groove areas revealed a regular lattice-like submicroscopic pattern which was considered as an important mechanical system of the cornified epithelium.

This content is only available as a PDF.