The molecular mechanisms underlying the establishment of the monopolar growth of fission yeast spores have been less characterized. Here, we report that the Cdc42 GTPase-activating protein (GAP) Rga6 is required for promoting monopolar growth during spore germination. The absence of Rga6 increases the number of spores that grow in a bipolar fashion. Rga6 decorates the non-growing cortical region, binds phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate, and colocalizes with the phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate-binding protein Opy1. Overexpression of Opy1 diminishes the cortical localization of Rga6. The characteristic localization of Rga6 on the cell cortex depends on the C-terminal PBR region of Rga6. Moreover, engineered chimera composed of the Rga6 C-terminal PBR region fused to the GAP domain of Rga3 or Rga4 are sufficient to rescue the spore growth phenotype caused by the absence of Rga6. Hence, our work establishes a paradigm in which the lipid composition of the plasma membrane directs polarized cell growth by specifying the cortical localization of a GAP protein.

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