In some ways the effects of hexylresorcinol on Nitella resemble those of guaiacol but in others they differ.
Both substances depress the P.D. reversibly and both decrease the potassium effect.
Hexylresorcinol decreases the apparent mobility of Na+ and of K+. Guaiacol increases that of Na+ but not of K+.
The action of hexylresorcinol is more striking than that of guaiacol since 0.0003 M of the former is as effective as 0.03 M of the latter in depressing the P.D.
It is evident that organic substances can change the behavior of inorganic ions in a variety of ways.