Guaiacol was applied at two spots on the same cell of Nitella. At one spot it was dissolved in 0.01 M NaCl, at the other in 0.01 M CaCl2 or BaCl2. The effect was practically the same in all cases, i.e. a similar change of P.D. in a negative direction, involving a more or less complete loss of P.D. (depolarization).

When hexylresorcinol was used in place of guaiacol the result was similar. That Ca++ and Ba++ do not inhibit the effect of these organic depolarizing substances may be due to a lack of penetration of Ca++ and Ba++. The organic substances penetrate more rapidly and their effect is chiefly on the inner protoplasmic surface which is the principal seat of the P.D.

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