1. Direct observations of the arteries, arterioles, capillaries, veins, and lymphatics in the mesentery of anesthetized cats put into shock by incomplete occlusion of the circulation of the limbs showed that:

(a) Marked constriction of the arteries and arterioles, produced by muscular contraction, occurred usually within an hour after incomplete occlusion of the limbs, lasted several hours, and finally gave way in most instances to relaxation an hour or more before death. The constriction reduced the blood supply to the mesentery and intestine and the venous return from them. It did not, however, interrupt the blood flow. No pooling or stagnation of blood was seen even as a terminal phenomenon.

(b) The veins of the mesentery also became constricted but showed less tendency to dilate as death approached. The lymphatics likewise became somewhat narrowed. Even during the terminal stage the leukocytes moved along without change in shape or sticking to the walls of the capillaries or venules.

(c) Hematocrit determinations showed progressive hemoconcentration of moderate degree.

(d) Autopsy usually showed the presence of small hemorrhages in many parts of the body, especially the heart, liver, spleen, and lungs.

(e) Bilateral nephrectomy, suprarenalectomy, and pancreatectomy did not significantly alter the morphological picture elicited by shock induced by restriction of the circulation to the limbs.

2. Removal of large amounts of blood was always followed within a short time by constriction of arteries, arterioles, veins, and lymphatics of the mesentery.

3. Fall in arterial pressure produced by pithing was not accompanied by change in diameter of the arteries, arterioles, veins, or lymphatics, or by blanching of the mesentery or gut.

This content is only available as a PDF.