TNF is synthesized as a 26-kD membrane-anchored precursor and is proteolytically processed at the cell surface to yield the mature secreted 17-kD polypeptide. The 80-kD tumor necrosis factor (TNF) receptor (TNFR80) is also proteolytically cleaved at the cell surface (shed), releasing a soluble ligand-binding receptor fragment. Since processing of TNF and TNFR80 occurs concurrently in activated T cells, we asked whether a common protease may be involved. Here, we present evidence that a recently described inhibitor of TNF processing N-(D,L-[2-(hydroxyaminocarbonyl)methyl]-4-methylpentanoyl)L- 3-(2'naphthyl)- alanyl-L-alanine, 2-aminoethyl amide (TAPI) also blocks shedding of TNFR80, suggesting that these processes may be coordinately regulated during T cell activation. In addition, studies of murine fibroblasts transfected with human TNFR80, or a cytoplasmic deletion form of TNFR80, reveal that inhibition of TNFR80 shedding by TAPI is independent of receptor phosphorylation and does not require the receptor cytoplasmic domain.

This content is only available as a PDF.