gamma delta T cells participate in immune responses during viral, bacterial, and parasitic infections. However, it is not clear whether they recognize antigens produced by pathogens, or are actually reactive to self-ligands generated during the course of infection. In this paper, we report that the presence of the self-ligand that selectively expands a subset of gamma delta T cells correlates with the presence of an endogenous murine leukemia virus (MuLV) in inbred strains of mice. The implications of this observation for gamma delta T cell specificity and function is discussed.

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