This study was undertaken to determine whether acute phase proteins (APP) induce the synthesis of interleukin 1 beta (IL-1 beta) and its specific antagonist, IL-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra), in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC). PBMC from healthy volunteers were incubated with C-reactive protein (CRP), alpha 1-antitrypsin (alpha 1-AT), or alpha 1-acid glycoprotein (AGP), and the levels of IL-1 beta and IL-1Ra produced were measured by specific radioimmunoassay. To evaluate the effects of alpha 1-AT further, a synthetic pentapeptide FVYLI corresponding to the minimal binding sequence for the serpine-enzyme complex receptor was also evaluated. PBMC incubated for 24 h with CRP, alpha 1-AT, or the pentapeptide FVYLI synthesized large quantities of IL-1Ra, 5-10-fold greater than the amount of IL-1 beta produced by these cells. AGP induced significantly less IL-1Ra than the other APP tested. These effects were shown to be specific, in that polyclonal antibodies against CRP, alpha 1-AT, and AGP eliminated the cytokine production induced by these respective proteins. CRP, alpha 1-AT, FVYLI, and AGP were synergistic with low concentrations of endotoxin in the induction of both IL-1Ra and IL-1 beta synthesis. We suggest that the preferential induction of IL-1Ra by APP may contribute to their antiinflammatory effects and provide an important regulatory signal for the acute phase response.
Antiinflammatory properties of hepatic acute phase proteins: preferential induction of interleukin 1 (IL-1) receptor antagonist over IL-1 beta synthesis by human peripheral blood mononuclear cells.
- Views Icon Views
- PDF LinkPDF
- Share Icon Share
- Search Site
H Tilg, E Vannier, G Vachino, C A Dinarello, J W Mier; Antiinflammatory properties of hepatic acute phase proteins: preferential induction of interleukin 1 (IL-1) receptor antagonist over IL-1 beta synthesis by human peripheral blood mononuclear cells.. J Exp Med 1 November 1993; 178 (5): 1629–1636. doi: https://doi.org/10.1084/jem.178.5.1629
Download citation file: