We are interested to know whether expression of a lineage-specific growth factor receptor is deterministic to lineage commitment during hematopoiesis. For this purpose, we introduced the human c-fms gene into the multipotential stem cell clone LyD9 and two myeloid progenitor clones, L-GM3 and L-G3, cells that differentiate in response to granulocyte/macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) and granulocyte (G)-CSF, respectively. Although LyD9 cells have differentiation potential to become macrophages, c-fms transfectants of LyD9 and L-GM3 cells did not differentiate in response to human macrophage (M)-CSF. However, c-fms transfectants of L-G3 cells differentiated to neutrophils in response to human M-CSF. These results indicate that the M-CSF receptor requires a specific signal transduction pathway to exert its differentiational and proliferative effects. Furthermore, the M-CSF receptor can convey a granulocyte-type differentiation signal possibly by cooperating with the G-CSF receptor signal transduction pathway. The c-fms-transfected LyD9 cells as well as the original LyD9 cells differentiated predominantly into GM-CSF- and G-CSF-responsive cells by coculturing with PA6 and ST2 stromal cells, respectively. The results indicate that differentiation lineage is not affected by premature expression of the M-CSF receptor. Instead, the stromal cell used for coculture apparently controls lineage-selective differentiation of the multi-potential stem cell line.
Premature expression of the macrophage colony-stimulating factor receptor on a multipotential stem cell line does not alter differentiation lineages controlled by stromal cells used for coculture.
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T Kinashi, K H Lee, M Ogawa, K Tohyama, K Tashiro, R Fukunaga, S Nagata, T Honjo; Premature expression of the macrophage colony-stimulating factor receptor on a multipotential stem cell line does not alter differentiation lineages controlled by stromal cells used for coculture.. J Exp Med 1 May 1991; 173 (5): 1267–1279. doi: https://doi.org/10.1084/jem.173.5.1267
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