This study provides a basis for understanding the wide variations reported in the literature in IFN-gamma inducibility of class II MHC antigens on murine beta cells. Inducibility is not an intrinsic property of all mouse beta cells, but instead depends upon strain- (and tissue-) specific response modifying factors. This was demonstrated by comparison of constitutive and IFN-gamma-induced class I and class II MHC gene products on cultured islet cell monolayers. Islet cultures were established from autoimmune diabetes-prone NOD/Lt mice, diabetes-resistant NON/Lt and CBA/J mice, as well as F1 hybrids between these latter two strains and NOD/Lt. Cultures of peritoneal macrophages (M phi) from each strain were established as controls. After 3 wk of culture (with incubation in the presence or absence of IFN-gamma during the last 6 d), constitutive expression as well as IFN-gamma induction of class I MHC antigen expression was demonstrated on NOD/Lt and NON/Lt islet cells by antibody plus complement-mediated cytotoxicity. Although CBA/J islets and M phi did not maintain constitutive class I or class II antigen expression in culture in the absence of IFN-gamma, class I H-2Kk antigen was IFN-gamma inducible. Whereas IFN-gamma-induced class II I-Ak antigen on CBA/J M phi, it failed to induce this antigen on CBA/J islets. In contrast, I-A antigens were IFN-gamma inducible on NOD/Lt and NON/Lt islets and M phi. In (CBA x NOD)F1 hybrids, loss of IFN-gamma inducibility of the I-ANOD product established that suppression was mediated by a trans-acting factor from the CBA/J genome. In the course of these studies, IFN-gamma inducibility of a crossreactive occult class I-like antigen on both NOD/Lt islet cell and M phi cultures was unexpectedly detected when mAb 28-13-3 (public specificity 39, reactive with H-2Kb,f) was used as a negative control. Although not detectable by cytofluorographic analysis of freshly isolated NOD/Lt splenic leukocytes, occult antigen could be induced on NOD/Lt peritoneal macrophages (M phi) cultured for 3 d in IFN-gamma. Time course of induction showed the occult antigen to be distinct from NOD/Lt class I and II gene products. In both islet cell and M phi cultures established from (CBA x NOD)F1 hybrids, trans-suppressive factor(s) from the CBA/J genome not only suppressed IFN-gamma-induced expression of I-ANOD, but additionally suppressed occult antigen induction. Backcross of F1 to both parental strains indicated that the occult locus was on Chr 17, tightly linked to MHC.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)
MHC antigen induction by interferon gamma on cultured mouse pancreatic beta cells and macrophages. Genetic analysis of strain differences and discovery of an "occult" class I-like antigen in NOD/Lt mice.
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E H Leiter, G J Christianson, D V Serreze, A T Ting, S M Worthen; MHC antigen induction by interferon gamma on cultured mouse pancreatic beta cells and macrophages. Genetic analysis of strain differences and discovery of an "occult" class I-like antigen in NOD/Lt mice.. J Exp Med 1 October 1989; 170 (4): 1243–1262. doi: https://doi.org/10.1084/jem.170.4.1243
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