A cDNA encoding a new human lymphocyte cell surface molecule has been isolated and shown to identify a fourth member of a recently discovered family of adhesion proteins. This lymphocyte-associated molecule (LAM-1) is uniquely composed of multiple distinct domains, one domain homologous with animal lectins, one homologous with epidermal growth factor, and two short consensus repeat units similar to those found in C3/C4 binding proteins. This cDNA clone hybridized with RNAs found in B cell lines and T lymphocytes, but not with RNA from other cell types. The amino acid sequence of LAM-1 is 77% homologous with the sequence of the mouse lymphocyte homing receptor, suggesting that LAM-1 may function in human lymphocyte adhesion. The LAM-1 gene is located on chromosome 1q23-25, as is another member of this adhesion family, suggesting that this new family of proteins may be encoded by a cluster of "adhesion protein" loci.

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