The nucleotide sequences of 22 human T cell antigen receptor (TcR) beta chain variable region genes isolated from various T lymphocytes have been analyzed. Of the 19 variable gene segment (V beta)-containing sequences, 17 were unique. The V beta gene segments were grouped into 11 families. Comparisons were made with the data of Concannon et al. to unify the nomenclature. The data is consistent with a total V beta gene segment repertoire with a most probable value of 38 members and an upper bound of 104 members at the 95% confidence level. Southern blot data of germline DNA using selected TcR V beta cDNAs as probes support this estimate. The human repertoire is approximately three to four times greater than that reported for the mouse. Explanations for this discrepancy are proposed.
Sequences and diversity of human T cell receptor beta chain variable region genes.
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N Kimura, B Toyonaga, Y Yoshikai, F Triebel, P Debre, M D Minden, T W Mak; Sequences and diversity of human T cell receptor beta chain variable region genes.. J Exp Med 1 September 1986; 164 (3): 739–750. doi: https://doi.org/10.1084/jem.164.3.739
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