MOR-h1 is a human multiple organ-reactive (MOR) monoclonal autoantibody (Ab1) that reacts with human growth hormone (hGH) and a 35 kD protein found in the anterior pituitary, thyroid, stomach, and pancreas. 4E6 is a mouse monoclonal anti-idiotypic antibody (Ab2) that reacts with the paratope of MOR-h1 and is ligand inhibitable. In the present study, we immunized a rabbit with 4E6 and purified an IgG fraction (anti-4E6) from the sera. Competitive inhibition experiments showed that anti-4E6 (Ab3) binds to the same epitope on 4E6 and to the same antigens (i.e., hGH and 35 kD protein) as does MOR-h1. By immunofluorescence, anti-4E6, an IgG antibody, shows the same multiple organ reactivity with tissues as does MOR-h1, an IgM antibody. From these and other studies, we conclude that the 4E6 paratope (Ab2) has a conformational resemblance to an epitope on hGH and the 35 kD protein. This raises the possibility that antibodies made in response to certain anti-idiotypic antibodies may be one of the mechanisms for triggering an autoimmune response.
Multiple organ-reactive IgG antibody induced by an antiidiotypic antibody to a human monoclonal IgM autoantibody.
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K Essani, J Srinivasappa, P R McClintock, B S Prabhakar, A L Notkins; Multiple organ-reactive IgG antibody induced by an antiidiotypic antibody to a human monoclonal IgM autoantibody.. J Exp Med 1 May 1986; 163 (5): 1355–1360. doi: https://doi.org/10.1084/jem.163.5.1355
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