Cultured endothelial cells from human umbilical cord labeled with [3H]20:4 release radiolabel when exposed to leukotrienes C or D (LTC or LTD). The major radiolabeled 20:4 metabolite recovered in the culture medium was prostacyclin. Both leukotrienes produced a dose-dependent synthesis of prostacyclin, with a maximal response at 10(-7) M leukotriene. LTC promoted a twofold greater response than did LTD at all concentrations tested (10(-9) to 10(-7) M). In contrast, no release of radiolabel above basal levels was evident with a challenge of LTE or LTB at the same concentrations. Endothelial cells metabolize approximately 40-50% of exogenously supplied LTC to LTD and LTE in 60 min. Levels of alpha-glutamyltranspeptidase (gamma-GTPase), the ectoenzyme reported to convert LTC or LTD, were detected in intact endothelial cells with the chromogenic substrate L-gamma-glutamyl-p-nitroanilide at levels sufficient to account for the observed rate of LTC metabolism. High concentrations of the gamma-GTPase inhibitors, glutathione and AT-125, blocked the metabolism of LTC by endothelium. These results suggest that degradation of leukotrienes by endothelium may be one mechanism for inactivation of these lipid mediators.
Stimulation of human endothelial cell prostacyclin synthesis by select leukotrienes.
L G Pologe, E B Cramer, N A Pawlowski, E Abraham, Z A Cohn, W A Scott; Stimulation of human endothelial cell prostacyclin synthesis by select leukotrienes.. J Exp Med 1 October 1984; 160 (4): 1043–1053. doi: https://doi.org/10.1084/jem.160.4.1043
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