In this report we demonstrate that when the murine macrophage tumor cell line P- 388D1 is incubated for 48-72 h with either concanavalin A-stimulated rat spleen cell supernatant or cloned murine immune interferon (IFN-gamma), the cultured cells release a cell-free factor activity that in turn induces the cell surface expression of Ia antigen on the murine monocyte cell line WEHI-3. This IFN-gamma-stimulated, Ia-inducing activity cannot be blocked with an anti-IFN-gamma heteroantiserum that does block the induction of Ia expression on WEHI-3 by both cloned murine IFN-gamma and rat Con A supernatant. The Ia-inducing factor ( IaIF ) generated from P- 388D1 after stimulation by IFN-gamma does not demonstrate any antiviral activity. The P- 388D1 -derived IaIF is not shed plasma membrane Ia glycoprotein molecules, as demonstrated by the inability of the active component to bind specifically to an anti-I-Ad affinity column or to a protein A column after the active supernatant is first treated with an excess of anti-I-E/Cd,k monoclonal antibody.

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