The genes that code for the human lymphocyte cell surface determinants defined by monoclonal antibodies A- 1A5 and A- 3A4 have been genetically mapped. All human chromosomes, except Y, were included in a series of human less than mouse lymphocyte hybrid populations that retained expression of lymphocyte-specific surface markers. Expression of the A- 1A5 and A- 3A4 antigens was quantitated by indirect immunofluorescence and fluorescence-activated cell sorter (FACS) analysis. Hybrid populations heterogeneous for antigen expression were sorted to yield antigenically homogeneous subpopulations. Isozyme analysis indicated concordant segregation of the A- 1A5 determinant with chromosome 10, and the A- 3A4 determinant with chromosome 4. In contrast to the unhybridized human parent cell line (MOLT-4), from which A- 1A5 immunoprecipitated two proteins (160,000 and 125,000 Mr), A- 1A5 only immunoprecipitated a single band (125,000 Mr) from an A- 1A5 -expressing human less than mouse hybrid. The genetic disassociation of these two proteins from the A- 1A5 -reactive complex suggests that the appearance of the 160,000 Mr protein requires a gene locus that is unlinked to the locus for the 125,000 Mr protein on chromosome 10. A third component of the A- 1A5 -reactive protein complex (210,000 Mr), which is recognized by the monoclonal antibody TS2/7, was not expressed on the parent MOLT-4 cells, but was weakly expressed on MOLT-4 less than mouse BW5147 hybrids. This allowed preliminary mapping of that determinant to either chromosome 10 or 15. The A- 3A4 antigen (approximately 45,000 Mr) is a novel cell surface structure expressed on all hematopoietic cell lines tested, and represents the first cell surface marker mapped to chromosome 4.
Genetic and biochemical characterization of human lymphocyte cell surface antigens. The A-1A5 and A-3A4 determinants.
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P M Peters, M E Kamarck, M E Hemler, J L Strominger, F H Ruddle; Genetic and biochemical characterization of human lymphocyte cell surface antigens. The A-1A5 and A-3A4 determinants.. J Exp Med 1 May 1984; 159 (5): 1441–1454. doi: https://doi.org/10.1084/jem.159.5.1441
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