Monoclonal antibodies (mAb) were used to inhibit the proliferation of antigen-reactive (C57BL6/J X A/J)F1 restricted T cell clones. We have been able to subdivide these F1 restricted T cell clones into two groups: one of which recognizes the A alpha k A beta b molecule and the other group which recognizes the A alpha b A beta k molecule. Using clones with defined reactivities, we could assign the reactivities of monoclonals to the A alpha or A beta chains. By immunoprecipitation and two-dimensional analysis of Ia molecules from F1 spleen cells, we could independently map the reactivities of the mAb as being determined by the A alpha or A beta chain. To date, these two methods of chain localization of the antibody reactivity have agreed. Further, the differential blocking of the A alpha k A beta b restricted T cell clones suggests that there exists more than one restriction site per Ia molecule. Increasing the number of possible functional Ia restriction sites, either through combinatorial association of alpha and beta chains or by using more than one site per molecule, should increase the number of ways Ia molecules can function in antigen presentation.

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